15 Mar 2011

New explosion

No Comments Japan

Last night there was another explosion, this time in reactor No. 2 at the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear plant in Japan. This time the  containment chamber was damaged and nuclear radiation is leaking out. 100 km north west of Tokyo in the city of Maebashi, authorities have recorded radiation levels ten times higher than normally and people are incouraged to stay inside.

Since the core had previously been uncovered when the cooling water levels dropped it’s now believed that a meltdown has taken place. This means that the nuclear fuel elements has become so hot that they’ve melted after which radioactive substances like cesium, xenon and iodine has been released. The technicians have been trying to cool down the reactor with sea water with added boron.

Japanese authorities have measured radiation levels of 400 millisieverts (mSv) per hour just outside the plant. After less than three hours in 400 mSv acute radiation syndrome occurs. The European limit for employees in the nuclear industry is 20 mSv per year for five years or a maximum of 50 mSv a year.

Acute Radiation Syndrome (ARS)
The lowest rate occurs at 1-2 sievert. The symptomes are nausea and vomiting for a period of more than one day, as well as fatigue, weakness and mild fever. Without qualified healthcare one out of 20 people is at risk of dying.

14 Mar 2011

Sendai earthquake

No Comments Japan

Friday’s earthquake, with epicenter just 373 km from Tokyo and only 200 km from the nearest point of Japan’s coastline, reached 8.9 on the Richter magnitude scale and the country continues to experience aftershocks of up to 6.2. It’s Japan’s biggest earthquake in record history (records started being kept 140 years ago) and it’s said to be the seventh largest on record int he world just slightly stronger than the quake that hit Chile in 2010.

The official death toll has reached 1800, with fears it could climb to more than 10 000. The earthquake also triggered a tsunami with up to 7 meter waves slamming Japan’s eastern coast on Friday just 10-30 minutes after the quake, killing hundreds of people as it swept away boats, cars and homes. Seismologists have warned that another massive earthquake with a potential magnitude of 7.9 may strike Japan in the next two days, sparking fresh fears it will trigger another tsunami in the country’s devastated north-east.

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